LAW OF POWER
What is power? Joshua Goldstein explains that power is a mix of many ingredients.
Power can be in form of material or non-material elements. Material elements include population, territory, geography, military and natural resources. Non material include diplomatic will, popular support for the government and national will. These are also referred to as soft power.
All these elements of power are what facilitate state relations and we will analyze how they affect state relations.
This is what makes a country powerful. It ranges from the military installations such as missiles, tanks, to military personnel.
The United States, Russia, Israel, North Korea and other states get their power and authority from the fact that they are well equipped. States that have no updated military arsenals find themselves subject to the well-equipped states.
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Economically advanced states find themselves at the helm of hegemony within the global political system. A key look at states, for instance, China proves the obvious fact that economy is one of the back bones of a state’s strength. China, thanks to its economy, can now boast as a major shareholder in the international system.
United States, Japan, Germany, Canada can also boast of the same. Courtesy of their economic nourishment, they can brag and claim to possess within the international system.
Economically disadvantaged states always turn to the economically advantaged states for support as a result. Foreign aids by these powerful states is thus one of the ways of maintaining their economic superiority.
Geography entails size, natural resources and continental placement of a country. This is a very fundamental and key factor in determining a state’s power. Russia, India, US, due to their geopolitics, are considered very powerful states.
These states have vast territories that easily deter any form of aggression from neighboring countries.
United States, Britain and other states are surrounded by sea makes them have vital natural resources that are very vital for the growth of citizens within the state. It also acts as a shield to these states, making them more powerful.
The Biblical Goliath had immense power and strength, height and size. However, despite having such resources at his disposal, he lost to David, who used brain and power effectively. That is the same way a state that does not put the diplomatic tact into use ends up.
Diplomacy is like the brain of political power and state-state relations thus diplomacy will lure states to relate with a given state.
A classic example of a country, that while outclassed, returned to the heights of power chiefly by virtue of its brilliant diplomacy is France in the period from 1890 to 1914.
After its defeat in 1870 at the hands of Germany, France was a second-rate power. With Bismarck’s dismissal in 1890, Germany’s foreign policy turned away from Russia and was unwilling to alleviate Great Britain’s suspicion.
Therefore, French diplomacy took full advantage of those mistakes of German foreign policy. In 1894, France added a military alliance to the political understanding with Russia. In 1904, and 1912, it entered informal agreement with Great Britain.
Currently, USA has amassed relations from significant states in the world. It is the tact of their diplomats and their effective foreign policies. Thus, diplomatic tact is very key in facilitating relations between states.
Power is a mix of good and evil as they say in the old adage.