The United Nations
The United Nations, formed in 1945, has proved to be the most powerful organization in the world. The organization attracts membership from 99% of the world’s states. Moreover, it has been the most coveted as everyone desires an elevated experience with it.
In this article, we’ll take to an interesting scholarly journey exploring the most probable future of the organization.
Interestingly, I will not confine myself to the “obvious” and “common” ideal that its bound to eternal damnation .
Some analysts argue, its not based on thorough empirical and normative analysis of the key phenomenon. I will embrace an all-round philosophical stand in analyzing all the theories.
In deconstructing the discussion above, let’s use the various perspectives.
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REALIST SCHOOL OF THOUGHT
An understanding of the realist school of thought, emphasizes on the state being the most important actor in global politics. It brings to limelight the fact that this approach confines International organizations to very restricted future.
The United Nations will forever be an instrument of foreign policy articulation by United States. They will continue to use them as an instrument. Uncle Sam should be the first to ring a bell in your mind. United States will continue to use the organization to maintain their selfish interests.
The Liberal tradition, once more, takes the Utopian idea that was passed down to it by the former. Motivated by the main assumption that cooperation is a major virtue that motivates the formation of International organizations,
Liberals see the United Nations as playing more dominant and positive role in ensuring international peace and security. However, failure to guarantee peace in South Sudan, Syria, and other countries has been the major downfall of the organization.
Furthermore failure to guarantee demilitarization brings into question the organization’s future and legitimacy in guaranteeing peace and security
The Functionalist approach also comes up with a rather unique and interesting analysis of the future of International organizations.
(Archer 2001) argues that functionalism offers a most elaborate, intellectually sophisticated and an ambitious attempt in explaining it. One evidence from this approach is that it views the UN’s existence as an establishment of a new world order, whereby states sit, relax and enjoy, as the UN carries and exercises their deeds and roles.
Interestingly, the neo-functionalist approach comes up as a reaction to the functional approach. The key argument that underpins this approach is that regional organizations may become stronger, and may even end up sapping away the strength of states.
Let us shift our attention for a while from the regional organizations, and thoroughly examine the UN. It is without doubt that the UN has even become stronger than some of the states that had earlier approved of its formation.
This is what has always been popularly referred to as the Frankenstein Problem – the creator becomes subdued by the creation.
As if that is not enough, in analyzing the UN, key to note is that most third world states depend on it for funds! So interesting, is it?
Anyway, the UN is simply a mask of Uncle Sam. This is more like a movie, you make something, nurture it, then later it gets a new master, and together, they subdue you, and sap away all your strength!
Finally, the Marxist approach also takes to an interesting insight on the same. For quite a while, the Marxist tradition has proven to be so realistic. From predicting the Communist takeover which came to pass in 1919, Karl Marx’s theory cannot be taken for granted.
Marxists envision a revolution, whereby there will be, as Dr. Clive Archer puts it,
A progressive advancement to a communist world, in which there are neither the oppressed nor the oppressor, no divisions in classes and so on.
According to Marxists, International organizations have facilitated oppression and class differences. This is because the poor states will gang up against the organization that has been facilitating inequality, a vice that goes against its main principle stipulated in Article 2 of the Charter.
In conclusion, different scholars have different perspectives on what the most probable future of the United Nations.
However, let us stem back to the structure, the working methods, the veto, the unrepresentative nature of the security council. This are the inherent factors that undermine reforms.